Pytagoras the Samian (i.e., from Samos), born in the late 6th century BC of a Greek mother and a Phynecian trader in Samos, migrated as a young man to the Greek colony of Croton in Southern Italy.
There he impressed Thales of Miletos, the famous philosopher, who sent him to Memphis, in Egypt and to Tyre and Byblos in Phoenicia for studies.
He learned the principles of geometry, and he developed the famous theorem that bears his name. He became revered as a great mathematician, mystic and scientist, and the great historian Herodotus called him “the most able philosopher among the Greeks”.
The statue in this photo shows Pythagoras aligned with the catheti of a right triangle, with inscriptions on its hypotenuse, illustrating the Pythagorean theorem.