The town of Samos is the capital and the main port of the island and it is situated at the northeastern end of the island, within the safe bay of Vathy.It has a population of about 9000 inhabitants, most of whom are engaged in tourism.
Vathy is built amphitheatrically on the hill slopes, overlooking the town of Samos, two settlements which are actually connected. It is one of the oldest villages of Samos displaying some old Venetian and neoclassic buildings as well as modern ones. The enchanting landscape where houses are built creates an attractive scenery.
On the other hand, Samos town is a lively place, extremely developed with many facilities, accommodations, bars and restaurants. It is the home of many neoclassical buildings that represent the traditional architecture of Samos. Some of them house the Archaeological Museum and Town Hall.
One of the most well known cultural activities of the town of Samos is the Festival of Samos, taking place in summer in honor of the eminent Greek composer and musician Manolis Kalomiris, whose origin was from Samos.
Another popular summer event is the Wine Festival, which attracts many people.